Tracking the flow

Steam rises from the ground where a lava flow is making its way eastward through a large crack in the ground. Scientists have been closely monitoring the June 27 flow, named for the day it emerged, as it is now within 2 miles of a populated area south of Pahoa. Photo courtesy of HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY

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Lava’s advance being watched closely in Puna

By COLIN M. STEWART
Staff Writer
Hawaii Tribune-Herald

The ordinarily quiet streets of Kaohe Homesteads south of Pahoa bustled with activity Tuesday.

Neighbors visited with each other to share the latest news, and residents from nearby communities were busy driving through to see what they could see — scoping out the area public safety officials say could be the first in line if an unpredictable lava flow 2 miles away continues on its path.

The small, sparsely populated community, nestled between Pahoa and Leilani Estates subdi- vision along Highway 130, sits to the east of the approaching June 27 lava flow, named for the date when it first emerged from the flank of Pu‘u ‘O‘o
on Kilauea’s East Rift Zone.

Everybody’s becoming an expert on this overnight, saying it will go to Ainaloa, Leilani Estates, Nanawale Estates. Right now, we just need to stay informed.

Pahoa Resident Stephen Risdale

At a meeting Monday evening in Pahoa, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Scientist-in- Charge Jim Kauahikaua explained the speed and direction of the flow has been difficult to ascertain as it has made its way in and out of deep cracks
in the terrain, often hid- den from view — given away only by telltale plumes of steam ris- ing from the ground.

“There is no imminent threat, but it could develop into a threat fairly quickly,” he said.

Hawaii County Civil Defense Administrator Darryl Oliveira told attendees that scientists will continue to monitor the flow closely. Should an evacuation be required, residents would have “days, not hours” to abandon their homes.

“The problem right now is, it’s kind of like we’re blind,” Hawaiian Paradise Park resident Scott Hicks said Tuesday. “We can’t see it, we can’t smell it, we don’t know where it’s gonna go. But it’s out there.”

Mayor Billy Kenoi discusses the approach of a lava flow in lower Puna on Monday evening at a meeting at the Pahoa Community Center. Photo by Colin M. Stewart/Hawaii Tribune-Herald

Hicks and his wife, Mary, are former residents of Kaohe and were returning home on their motor scooter Tuesday after visiting with a friend in the neighborhood to share information about Monday night’s meeting.

“We live in HPP, and we’re concerned, too. It could go anywhere. That’s what hap- pened with Kalapana.

It was going one way, and then it was going another way,” he said.

Formerly of Ohio, Hicks said that many of the people who live in Puna choose to live there for its isolation and rural nature. But those same positives can quickly become negatives once disaster strikes.

“There’s only one road in and one road out. You’re out, off the beaten path. You know it when you move here,” he said.

Tobias and Claudia Rivera bought a piece of property two years ago in Leilani Estates, and recent events have worried them about the home they are currentlybuilding.

“(Monday’s meeting) left us concerned and apprehensive,” Tobias Rivera said. “Personally, for us, we just bought property two years ago, and we’ve put a lot of investment in it. We’re curious if we should continue building.”

Claudia Rivera added that in the near-term, the pair is working to be more prepared than many people were before Tropical Storm Iselle ravaged lower Puna.

“Similar to the hurricane, we’re worried that everybody will be heading out to get the same things. Going the same direction. It makes it difficult to formulate a plan,” she said. Ultimately, however, no one knows where the lava might go, and spreading rumors and misinformation is counterproductive, said Pahoa resident

“Similar to the hurricane, we’re worried that everybody will be heading out to get the same things. Going the same direction. It makes it difficult to formulate a plan,” she said.

Ultimately, however, no one knows where the lava might go, and spreading rumors and misinformation is counterproductive, said Pahoa resident Stephen Ridsdale. “Everybody’s becoming an expert on this overnight, saying it will go to Ainaloa, Leilani Estates, Nanawale Estates,” he said. “Right now, we just need to stay informed.”

This map from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory shows the lava flow’s path as of Monday.

Officials ask residents to be prepared

By COLIN M. STEWART and TOM CALLIS
Staff Writers
Hawaii Tribune-Herald

Hawaii Island public safety officials are asking lower Puna residents to remain vigilant as scientists continue to track a lava flow that is within 2 miles of homes. 

The June 27 flow, named for the date it began, is moving at a speed of about 200 to 300 feet per day, according to Jim Kauahikaua, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientist-in-charge. 

Kaohe Homesteads, just outside of Pahoa village, is the closest community to the flow. While not immediately threatened, that could change if the flow continues on its path, county and HVO officials cautioned during a meeting Monday evening at the Pahoa Community Center. 

“There is no imminent threat, but it could develop into a threat fairly quickly,” Kauahikaua said. 

The flow continues to be aided by large fractures in the ground that allow it to move more quickly and below dense vegetation. 

On Monday, the lava emerged from one crack before apparently flowing into another, said Janet Babb, HVO geologist. 

“The area out there is highly fractured,” she said, adding the path remains difficult to predict. The flow is fed by the Pu‘u ‘O‘o vent on Kilauea’s East Rift Zone. “There’s no sign of it stopping right at the moment,” Kauahikaua said. 

Oliveira said the county has spoken with the Red Cross about opening emergency shelters for residents if needed, and possible emergency evacuation routes are also being analyzed. 

“We are trying to identify as soon as possible the likely path,” he said, adding that will determine the county’s response. 

The flow could eventually reach Highway 130 if it doesn’t stop or get rerouted. For much of lower Puna, the highway is the only road in and out of their communities. 

If the flow completely isolates residents and remains active, one option might even be carving a path through the roughly 7-mile stretch of Chain of Craters Road already covered by past lava flows from Pu‘u ‘O‘o, county officials said. 

“Many different scenarios are being looked at,” Oliveira said. “Obviously, we will put things into action based on life and safety priorities.” 

Cindy Orlando, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park superintendent, wasn’t sure that idea was realistic but said the park would help the county in ways that it could. 

“There’s a reason why there isn’t a road there anymore,” she said. 

Mayor Billy Kenoi said at the meeting Monday that every option was on the table. That also includes possible ways to divert the flow. 

Oliveira said he and other county officials met Sunday evening with Kaohe residents to give them the latest updates and begin discussions 

about what might happen should the community need to evacuate. 

“You will receive word within days, not hours,” he said. “We will continue to watch very closely and we think you should be aware.” 

Upon opening the floor to questions Monday, it became clear the residents in Puna have had their fill of disaster following Tropical Storm Iselle. 

The Pahoa Community Center was filled, with very little standing room remaining. Residents lined the walls outside the building, straining and turning their heads as they listened through the slats in the windows. 

Another meeting was hosted Tuesday and one more gathering will take place at 6:30 p.m. Thursday at the community center. 

Questions at the first meeting began to come quickly and with more than a little frustration accompanying them, with some in the crowd shouting over each other. 

Kenoi seemed to defuse some of that, bringing a measure of order to the question-and-answer process and lending a little humor and folksy translations of some of the scientific terminology being presented. 

“Nobody’s dodging anything up here,” he said. “We’re here to answer questions, and we’re gonna focus on this flow. … The thing that is concerning is that the source is not slowing down. That’s the alarming part.” 

“We’re exploring all options” he added. “A lot of things can happen. Everything is on the table. … We’re gonna need a lot of prayer and aloha.”

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